Media Engagements

  • This page lists online or print media engagements that are based on interviews with journalists.

Seibt, S (2024, Jul 16). Attentat raté contre Trump : un tremplin pour “BlueAnon” et le complotisme de gauche? France24 (in French).

Donaldson, K (2024, Jun 5). Shouting ‘liar’ at Sunak won’t stop voters fearing Labour tax hikes. i newspaper.

Kupferschmidt, K (2024, May 30). Tiny number of ‘supersharers’ spread the vast majority of fake news. Science.

Ghafoor (2024, Apr 6). Wenn die Wahrheit nicht reicht. Der Tagesspiegel (in German).

Pot (2024, Mar 22). How I Learned to Ignore the Worst of the Internet. Lifehacker.

Wilkinson (2024, Mar 22). Empathy is key to overcoming vaccine hesitancy, research suggests. Pulse.

Addley, Milmo and Roth (2024, Mar 20). ‘Where is #katemiddleton?’: theories on Kate’s whereabouts go global The Guardian

Caulfield, T (2024, Jan 25). Lies, Damn Lies, and Tucker Carlson The Walrus.

Markolin, P (2024, Jan 16). Elon Musk’s War Against Science, Evidence and Objective Truth Canberra Times.

Summers, W (2023, Dec 10). ‘Fake news’ claims open up new front in Middle East war Canberra Times.

Nehring, C (2023, Nov 10). KI-erzeugte Desinformation: Was Weißes Haus, G7 und Marktführer vorschlagen Der Tagesspiegel (German).

Rudgard, O and Zuidijk, D (2023, Aug 22). Wildfires and Extreme Weather Are Driving Climate Denialism Online Bloomberg.

Eisele, I (2023, Aug 7). Fact check: Why do we believe fake news? Deutsche Welle.

Kupferschmidt, K (2023, Jul 27). Does social media polarize voters? Unprecedented experiments on Facebook users reveal surprises Science.

Eisele, I (2023, Jul 8). Fact check: Why do we believe fake news? Deutsche Welle.

Sethi, P (2023, Apr 17). Climate of conspiracy: How 15-minute cities became a conspiratorial talking point. Logically Facts.

Ross, M (2023, Apr 14). The danger of the Flat Earth theory. Logically Facts.

Ní Chonghaile, C (2023, Mar 4). The tip of the iceberg. The New European.

Kupferschmidt, K (2023, Feb 8). Twitter’s plan to cut off free data access evokes ‘fair amount of panic’ among scientists. Science.

Hodson, J and Galizia, A (2023, Feb 1). 5 expert tips to protect yourself from online misinformation. The Conversation.

AFP (2023, Jan 31). Politics, cash, fame: what motivates climate change deniers. RFI.

Pipa News (2023, Jan 28). Why don’t we talk more about acid rain and the ozone hole? Scientists debunk disinformation. Pipa News.

Bernstien, J (2023, Jan 28). Why don’t we talk about acid rain and the ozone hole anymore? Scientists debunk misinformation. CBC News.

University of Bristol (2023, Jan 27). Report highlights cost of misinformation to health care services during COVID-19 pandemic. Medical Xpress.

Weeks, C (2023, Jan 26). Vaccine hesitancy, COVID conspiracies led to thousands of deaths, high cost for health care system, report finds. The Globe and Mail.

Major, D (2023, Jan 26). COVID-19 misinformation cost at least 2,800 lives and $300M, new report says. CBC News.

Rosenberg, P (2022, Nov 12). What’s behind Elon’s Twitter disaster? A fundamental misunderstanding of “free speech”. salon.

Sima, R (2022, Nov 3). Why do our brains believe lies?. Washington Post.

Mitchell, N (2022, Aug 29). Video ‘vaccine’ for fake news works, psychologists find. University World News.

Kalia, S (2022, Aug 25). ‘Pre‑bunking’ Fake News on YouTube Helped Curb Misinformation, Shows Study. The Swaddle.

Grant, N and Hsu, T (2022, Aug 24). Google Finds ‘Inoculating’ People Against Misinformation Helps Blunt Its Power. New York Times.

Wilson, P (2022, June 12). Crop Circles Were Made by Supernatural Forces. Named Doug and Dave. New York Times.

Abrams, A (2022, April 11). The role of psychological warfare in the battle for Ukraine. American Psychological Association.

Bastian, H (2022, April 5). Where Is the Line Between Being Critical & Contrarian? Thoughts On a Plague. PLOS BLOGS Absolutely Maybe

Witze, A (2022, April 1). A global warming pause that didn’t happen hampered climate science. ScienceNews.

Kupferschmidt, K (2022, March 23). Detecting bullshit. Science.

Yong, E (2022, March 8). How did this many deaths become normal?. The Atlantic.

Hirstein, A (2022, March 5). Ursprung des Covid-19-Virus: Glauben nur noch Verschwörungstheoretiker an die Laborthese?. NZZ magazin.

Bacchi, U. (2022, February 24). Facebook and climate change: can falsehoods be reined in?. Reuters.

Love, S. (2022, January 12). What We Don’t Want to Know. Vice.

PA Media (2021, December 8). Hardcore vaccine refuseniks could need deradicalising like terrorists – expert. The Independent.

Bennett, C. (2021, December 8) Covid: Hardcore vaccine refuseniks could need deradicalising like terrorists, says expert. GBNews.

Montay, J. (2021, November 4). Global warming and scientific disinformation: an air of déjà vu? (in French). RTBF.

Davison, T. (2021, June 16). Love Island’s Alexandra Cane embraces career change by training as a healer. Mirror.

Venn, L. (2021, June 8). Anti-vax celebrities: These are the celebs who say they’re refusing the vaccine. The Tab.

Gritt, E. (2021, June 6). Love Island’s Alexandra Cane slammed for refusing Covid jab in favour of meditation. Mirror.

Sharma, R. (2021, June 5). Love Island star Alexandra Cane’s claim Covid jab is ‘experimental’ is ‘irresponsible’, say scientists. iNews.

Gross, L. (2021, May 24). Fighting Attacks on Inconvenient Science—and Scientists. Inside Climate News.

Cookson, C., & Gross, A. (2021, April 15). ‘Slow’ UK response to AstraZeneca side-effects alarms experts. Financial Times.

Kupferschmidt, K., & Vogel, G. (2021, March 18). European countries resume use of AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine, hoping pause has not dented confidence. Science.

Blagburn, F. (2021, March, 5). How QAnon Could Make Climate Conspiracies a Whole Lot Worse. Vice.

Newhart, B. (2021, February, 18). 70% of Brits support COVID-19 tracking tech — as long as it’s voluntary. The Academic Times.

McBain, S. (2021, February, 10). Can Covid-19 conspiracy theorists be reformed? New Statesman.

Chadwick, J. (2021, January 22). 70% of Brits SUPPORT using tracking technology and immunity passports to fight COVID-19 pandemic, study suggests. Daily Mail.

Holloway, H. (2021, January 19). China spreading warped anti-vax conspiracies about Pfizer jab after ’33 elderly people die in Norway’. The Sun.

Abrams, Z. (2021, January 15 [online first]). Controlling the spread of misinformation: Psychologists’ research on misinformation may help in the fight to debunk myths surrounding COVID-19. APA Monitor.

Grubb, S. (2021, January 8). Bristol experts unveil free resource that gives a ‘truth sandwich’ to covid deniers and anti-vaxxers. Bristol Post.

Schofield, C. (2021, January 7). Scientists have created a new online guide to fight Covid vaccine myths – what you need to know. Derry Journal.

PA Media (2021, January 7). Experts create guide aimed at fighting Covid-19 vaccine misinformation. Daily Mail.

Lay, K., O’Neill, S., Smyth, C., Blakely, R., & Wace, C. (2021, January 7). Wait for supplies forces GPs to delay Covid vaccine clinics. The Times.

Ng, K. (2021, January 7). Scientists create guide to building truth ‘sandwich’ to combat Covid misinformation. The Independent.

Krischna, R. (2020, December 23). 2020, the year QAnon aligned with the UK’s fears. FullFact.

Brewis, H. (2020, 10 November). Donald Trump tweets about unrelated topics to distract from bad press, new study finds. Evening Standard. 

PRESS ASSOCIATION (2020, 10 November). Donald Trump uses tweets to divert from uncomfortable topics, study finds. Daily Mail.

Plitt, L. (2020, November 2). Por qué la pandemia de covid-19 ha dado lugar a tantas teorías conspirativas que ponen en riesgo la batalla contra el coronavirus. [Spanish]. BBC Mundo.

Henley, J., & McIntyre, N. (2020, October 26). Survey uncovers widespread belief in “dangerous’ Covid conspiracy theories. The Guardian.

Gjengedal, K. (2020, October 13). Openness as a weapon. (In Norwegian). Forskningsetikk.

Bogle, A., & Lyons, S. (2020, October 4). From coronavirus to 5G, uncertainty breeds conspiratorial thinking. Here’s how it happens. ABC News.

Gogarty, C., (2020, September 19). Covid-deniers: What is going through the heads of people who think coronavirus isn’t real. Bristol Post.

Fahlberg, A. (2020, September 15). What Makes People Fall for QAnon? The Dispatch.

Bogle, A. (2020, August 23). How the QAnon conspiracy theory is tearing family and friends apart in Australia. ABC News.

Vaidyanathan, G. (2020, August 11). News Feature: Finding a vaccine for misinformation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117, 18902-18905.

Derler, Z. (2020, August 10). How the UK’s Climate Science Deniers Turned Their Attention to COVID‑19. DesmogUK.

Skopeliti, C. (2020, July 15). What It’s Like to Escape the Mindset of a Conspiracy Theorist. Vice.

Tanner, S. (2020, July 14). Debunked: the conspiracy claiming there has ‘been no Covid pandemic’ – shared by thousands including prominent journalist. iNews.

Griffith, C. (2020, July 7). When Facebook gets under your skin. The Australian. (paywalled)

Ignatidou, S. (2020, June 19). Interview with Stephan Lewandowsky, cognitive scientist at the University of Bristol. European Science Media Hub.

Shepherd, T. (2020, June 6). ‘It’s psychologically easier’: how anti-vaxxers capitalised on coronavirus fears to spread misinformation. The Guardian.

Dawson, B. (2020, June 2). How to spot misinformation amid the Black Lives Matter protests. Dazed.

Ouatik, B. (2020, May 30). Oui, il y a eu de véritables complots. Radio-Canada [French].

Hegemann, L. (2020, May 27). Falsch, Mr. President! Die Zeit. [German].

Beres, D. (2020, May 18). The thin line between conspiracy theories and cult worship is dissolving. Big Think.

Allen, M. (2020, May 17). “Immune to Evidence”: How Dangerous Coronavirus Conspiracies Spread. ProPublica.

Paun, C., Deutsch, J., & Tamma, P. (2020, May 15). Vaccine skeptics threaten Europe’s bid to beat coronavirus. Politico Europe.

Lamoureux, M. (2020, May 7). Great, Cell Tower Fires Have Finally Made Their Way to Canada. Vice.

Brodwin. E. (2020, May 1). Facebook’s Covid-19 misinformation campaign is based on research. The authors worry Facebook missed the message. STAT News.

Fischer, S. (2020, April 28). What experts say works for combating coronavirus misinformation. Axios.

Deutsch, J., & Wheaton, S. (2020, April 21). Public health experts are now the bad guys. Politico.

Rosenberg, P. (2020, April 17). COVID-19, the Climate Crisis: Lessons To Be Learned. Random Lengths News.

Osaka, S. (2020, March 28). ‘Misinformation kills’: The link between coronavirus conspiracies and climate denial. Grist.

Deaton, J. (2020, March 26). Coronavirus shows how to fight disinformation about climate change. Fastcompany.

Puttfarken, L. (2020, March 5). Weiß doch jeder, dass das nicht stimmt. Oder? [in German] Übermedien.

Milman, O. (2020, February 21). Revealed: quarter of all tweets about climate crisis produced by bots. The Guardian.

Nugent, C. (2020, January 16). YouTube Has Been ‘Actively Promoting’ Videos Spreading Climate Denialism, According to New Report. Time.

King, A. (2019). Bio-art. EMBO Reports, 20, e48563. DOI: 10.15252/embr.201948563.

Flam. F. (2019, November 23). Real news: Hardly anybody shares fake news. The Japan Times. (Also on Yahoo.)

Milligan, S. (2019, August 9). Trump’s Strategy: Distract, Divert, Repeat. U.S. News & World Report.

Rosenberg, P. (2019, August 4). Trump dominates the media through Twitter: We knew this, but now there’s science. Salon (Also on AlterNet ).

Kantrowitz, A. (2019, May 30). The Pelosi Video Was Altered. Why Won’t Facebook Just Say That? Buzzfeed News.

Dean, S. (2019, May 25). Yes, It’s Time to Update Our Climate Change Language. Science alert.

Simmank, J. (2019, May 24). “Es geht darum, Verwirrung und Chaos zu stiften”. Die Zeit.
(Partial English version here).

Romm, J. (2019, May 18). ‘We have lost Australia for now,’ warns climate scientist in wake of election upset. ThinkProgress.

Rosenberg, P. (2019, April 17). Earth Night: Harnessing Uncertainty In A Dark Time. Random Length News.

Rosenberg, P. (2019, April 5). It’s all a conspiracy! Have liberals succumbed to paranoid thinking on Trump, Russia and Mueller? Salon.

Hutson, M. (2019, March 7). How memory became weaponized. Psychology Today.

Koerth-Baker, M. (2019, March 4). Good Climate Science Is All About Nuance. Good Politics Is … Not. 538.

Moyer, M. W. (2019, March). People Drawn to Conspiracy Theories Share a Cluster of Psychological Features. Scientific American.

Krištopaitytė, P. (2019, February 2). Dezinformaciją tiriantis profesorius: “Kartais manau, kad jau išgyvenome blogiausia” (in Lithuanian).

Collins, T., & Pinkstone, J. (2019, January 4). Australians care if politicians lie, the US does not: Attitudes to truth varies from country to country, study finds. Daily Mail.

(Daily News) (2019, January 4). Australians care if politicians tell lies, but people in the US don’t. New Scientist.

Coaston, J. (2018, December 31). Why conspiracy theories matter. Vox.

Kaufman, M. (2018, December 20). Scientists slam door on the alleged ‘pause’ in global warming. Mashable. 

LePage, M. (2018, December 19). Pass the facts, would you? New Scientist (22/29 December, pp. 22-23).

McKenna, P. (2018, December 18). That Global Warming Hiatus? It Never Happened. Two New Studies Explain Why. Inside Climate News.

Oberhaus, D. (2018, November 27). Complex systems theorists explain why democracy is dying. Motherboard.

Ali, L. (2018, November 16). Why the ‘P’ word — propaganda — might be best for what we’re seeing on our TV screens. Los Angeles Times.

Leber, R. (2018, November 2). The Role Harassment Plays in Climate Change Denial. Mother Jones.

Wilding, M. (2018, September 10). Circle or sphere? Inside the UK’s first ‘flat earth’ conference. Esquire.

Gwynne, P. (2018, August 3). Action to tackle climate change splits US voters along party lines. Physics world.

Coaston, J. (2018, August 2). #QAnon, the scarily popular pro-Trump conspiracy theory, explained. Vox.

Bauchamp, Z. (2018, 6 June). Trump, Fox News, and Twitter have created a dangerous conspiracy theory loop. Vox.

Satariano, A. (2018, 26 April). Facebook Faces Tough Questions in Britain That It Avoided in the U.S. New York Times.

Roston, E. (2018, 24 April). Pruitt Proposes Limits to Scientific Research Used by EPA Staff. Bloomberg politics.

Andrews, E. (2018, 6 April). The real fear behind climate conspiracy theories. Grist.

Rihter, I. (2018, 28 March). Why believing conspiracy theories feels so good. The Outline.

Verkaik, R. (2018, 24 March). Inside the world of the data harvesters. i.

Ireland, R. (2018, 23 March). The misinformation crisis. The World Weekly.

Peachey, P., & Byrne, C. (2018, 21 March).  ‘I’m a scapegoat’ says academic at centre of Facebook row. The National.

Howard, A. (2018, 8 March). HARVEY FALLOUT: Separating skepticism from gullibility in climate conspiracy blogs. Jewish Herald-Voice.

Tillmans, W. (2018, 28 February). Wolfgang Tillmans: my two-year investigation into the post-truth era. The Guardian.

Ross, E. (2018, 22 February). The science of conspiracies: Where Flat Earth meets Pizzagate. Axios. (Archived by WebCite®).

Kuper, S. (2018, 8 February). Russia: meddling while Europe votes. Financial Times,

Rosenberg, P. (2018, 31 January). What Global Warming? Unmasking a proxy war strategy by online climate change denialists. Salt Lake City Weekly.

Hogenboom, M. (2018, 24 January). The enduring appeal of conspiracy theories. BBC Future. (Archived by WebCite® )

Daly, P. (2018, 24 January). This Bristol academic thinks he has the solution to fake news. (Archived by WebCite®)

Mayhew, F. (2018, 24 January). ‘Inoculating’ social media users against ‘fake news’ will help filter it out, MPs told. Press Gazette.(Archived by WebCite®).

Gye, H. (2018, 23 January). FIGHT THE FAKES Web users should be ‘vaccinated’ against fake news to stop them getting sucked into Facebook conspiracy theories, MPs told. The Sun. (Archived by WebCite®)

Rosenberg, P. (2018, 17 January). Polarizing Polar Bears: A team of scientists unmasks a proxy war strategy by online climate change deniers. Fort Worth Weekly.

Rosenberg, P. (2018, 10 January). Polarizing Polar Bears: Unmasking a proxy war strategy by online climate change denialists. Planet Jackson Hole.

Giesler, J. (2018, January). Wird schon schiefgehen. (German). Natur, 01/18.

BCfm (2017, December) Bristol community radio Interview with Tony Gosling on post-truth world.

Popkin, G. (2017, November). Revealing the Methods of Climate-Doubting Blogs. Inside Science.

Kuper, S. (2017, October). How experts can regain our trust. Financial Times.

Schmitt, B. (2017, October). National anthem flap challenged Steelers fans to separate belief from fact. Tribune Review (Pittsburgh). (Archived by WebCite®).

Foyster, G. (2017, September). The psychology of anti-vaccination. The Saturday Paper. (Australia). (Archived by WebCite®) Print Edition, The Saturday Paper on Sep 2, 2017 under the title League of vaccinations.

Maddox, G. (2017, August). Climate fiction forum sees TV drama as one solution to global warming. Sydney Morning Herald. (Archived by WebCite®)

Goffin, P. (2017, August). The science of why we won’t stop believing: Age of Unreason. Toronto Star. (Archived by WebCite®).

Thivissen, P. (2017, June). Die besseren Argumente. Bild der Wissenschaft. (pp. 59-63). (German, not available online).

Hare, E. (2017, June 12). Facts Alone Won’t Convince People To Vaccinate Their Kids. FiveThirtyEight. (Archived by WebCite®).

Lavelle, M. (2017, June 9). 5 Shades of Climate Denial, All on Display in the Trump White House. Inside Climate News. (Archived by WebCite®).

John Elmes (2017, June 2). Calls for open data adjudicator to combat ‘disinformation’. Times Higher Education. (Archived by WebCite®).

von der Lehr (2017, May 4). Förnekelse som politisk propaganda. (Swedish). (Archived by WebCite®).

Kai Kupferschmidt (2017, Apr 27). Can skeptical parents be persuaded to vaccinate? Science. (Archived by WebCite®).

Al Jazeera (2017, Apr 26). State of Denial – Fault Lines. (Documentary)

Le Point. (2017, Apr 20). Lewandowsky: une polarisation croissante. Le Point. (Archived by WebCite®)

BBC4 More or Less (2017, Apr 14). WS More or Less: The Ignorance Test. (Audio). (Archived by WebCite®)

Ashleigh Gillon. (2017, Apr 12). TV interview. Channel 7, Perth, Australia.

Michelle Wheeler. (2017, Apr 11). Psychology of a Trump victory. Particle, Scitech. / (Archived by WebCite®)

Firas Massouh. (2017, Apr 9). Sunday Afternoon (from 1:10:45). ABC Radio. (Archived by WebCite®)

John Cook and Peter Jacobs. (2017, Mar 25). Episode 1: Stephan Lewandowsky and origins. Evidence Squared. (Archived by WebCite®)

Melissa Pandika. (2017, Mar 17). The science of climate change skepticism. Ozy. (Archived by WebCite®)

Paul Willis. (2017, 15 March). Special Investigation: Science Denial. Australia’s Science Channel. (Archived by WebCite®)

Stephanie M Lee. (2017, Mar 8). Inside the anti-science forces of the internet. BuzzFeed News. (Archived by WebCite®)

Esme Ashcroft. (2017, Mar 1). Trump supporters more likely to believe fake news, Bristol scientist finds. Bristol Post. (Archived by WebCite®)

Richard Gray. (2017, Mar 1). Lies, propaganda and fake news: A challenge for our age. BBC Future. (Archived by WebCite®)

David McRaney. (2017, Feb 11). 095 – The backfire effect – Part three. You Are Not So Smart. (Archived by WebCite®)

Collin Maessen. (2017, Jan 26). Science denial always involves a component of conspiratorial thought. Real Skeptic. (Archived by WebCite®)

ABC Radio. (2017, Jan 13). Beyond the lab: Living in (science) denial. ABC Radio. (Archived by WebCite®)

Jo Fidgen. (2017, Jan 2). Nothing but the truth. BBC Radio 4: The New World. (Archived by WebCite®)

Paul Rosenberg. (2017, Jan 1). Conspiracy theory’s big comeback: Deep paranoia runs free in the age of Donald Trump. Alternet. (Archived by WebCite®)

The Royal Society. (2016). Professor Stephan Lewandowsky. Parent Carer Scientist. (Archived by WebCite®)

Chris Mooney. (2016, Dec 6). It’s likely Earth’s hottest year on record — and some people are talking about global cooling. The Washington Post. (Archived by WebCite®)

Dan Jones. (2016, November 30). Seeing reason: How to change minds in a ‘post-fact’ world. New Scientist. (Archived by WebCite®)

Rod Chester. (2016, Nov 21). The Trump factor tipped to spread to Australian politics as Aussie Truthers push on social media. (Archived by WebCite®)

Graham Readfearn. (2016, Sep 23). How climate science deniers can accept so many ‘impossible things’ all at once. The Guardian. (Archived by WebCite®)

Zahra Hirji. (2016, Aug 11). Uncertainty can’t be an excuse for climate inaction, researchers argue. InsideClimate News. (Archived by WebCite®)

Simon Oxenham. (2016, Jul 4). What explains Brexit, Trump and the rise of the far right? New Scientist. (Archived by WebCite®)

Chelsea Harvey. (2016, May 18). Climate change doubters really aren’t going to like this study. The Washington Post. (Archived by WebCite®)

Graham Readfearn. (2016, Apr 14). Why even climate science denialist Marc Morano knows not to bet against global warming data. The Guardian. (Archived by WebCite®)

Chris Mooney. (2016, Feb 24). Top scientists insist global warming really did slow down in the 2000s. The Washington Post. (Archived by WebCite®)

Max Kutner. (2016, Jan 27). B.o.B diss track that mentioned holocaust denier vanishes. Newsweek. (Archived by WebCite®)

Ryan Koronowski. (2016, Jan 26). We asked scientists if Ted Cruz and B.o.B had anything in common. They had a lot to say. ThinkProgress. (Archived by WebCite®)

Cheyenne Macdonald. (2015, Nov 25). Global warming is NOT taking a hiatus: New study finds that there is ‘no evidence’ to support a pause in global warming. Daily Mail. (Archived by WebCite®)

Phil McKenna. (2015, Nov 24). There was no global warming ‘hiatus,’ 40-study review concludes. InsideClimate News. (Archived by WebCite®)

John Abraham. (2015, Sep 18). In a blind test, economists reject the notion of a global warming pause. The Guardian. (Archived by WebCite®)

Chelsea Harvey. (2015, Sep 17). Global warming ‘pause’ never happened, scientists say. The Washington Post. (Archived by WebCite®)

Dana Nuccitelli. (2015, Jul 8). Climate denial linked to conspiratorial thinking in new study. The Guardian. (Archived by WebCite®)

Katherine Bagley. (2015, May 11). Climate denial takes a toll on scientists—and science. InsideClimate News. (Archived by WebCite®)

Mischa Wilmers. (2014, Dec 5). The psychology of climate change. New Internationalist. (Archived by WebCite®)

Paul Rosenberg. (2014, Apr 20). Why climate deniers are winning: The twisted psychology that overwhelms scientific consensus. Salon. (Archived by WebCite®)

Chris Mooney. (2013, Jun 6). Conspiracy theorists are more likely to doubt climate science. Mother Jones. (Archived by WebCite®)

Tory Shepherd. (2013, Jan 18). Sandy Hook massacre a ‘hoax’, say conspiracy theorists.